Explanation Of Individual and Human Rights



 Human rights demand recognition and respect for the inherent dignity to confirm that everybody is protected against abuses that undermine their dignity, and provides the opportunities they have to appreciate their full potential, free from discrimination.

The four core principles of the Convention are

1. non-discrimination;
2. devotion to the best interests of the child;
3. the right to life, survival and development;
4. respect for the views of the child.
Every right spelled out in the CRC is inherent to the human dignity and harmonious development of every child.


1. Every child has the right to be born well, and to be cared and raised well.
2.Every child has the right to live with a family who loves, cares, and teaches good morals to him or her.
3. Every child has the right to have proper care and importance from other people.
4. Every child has the rights to have the basic needs of people such as food, shelter, water, clothing and health care.
5. Every child has the right to have everything he or she needs for a better life.
6. Every child has rights to be educated.
7.Every child has the rights to play and enjoy whenever they have the opportunity.
8. Every child has the rights to be protected from the abuses of adults.
9. Every child Has the rights to live peaceful away from bad influences.
10.Every child has the rights to be livings in a good Government who helps them strengthen their faith and to become better citizens.

11.Every child has the rights to grow up peacefully and getting what they want for the good of their lives.



 The Supreme Court of India in the recent past has been vigilant against encroachments upon the Human Rights of the prisoners. Article 21 of the Constitution of India provides that “No person shall be deprived of his life and Private Liberty except according to procedure established by law”. The rights to life and Personal Liberty is the backbone of the Human Rights in India. Through its positive approach and activism, the Indian judiciary has served as an institution for providing an effective remedy against the violations of Human Rights. By giving a liberal and comprehensive meaning to “life and personal liberty,” the courts have developed and have established the plethora of rights. The court gave an awful and concrete meaning to the Fundamental Rights enshrined in Article 21.
  • The Prisons Act, 1894:
This act is the first legislation concerning prison regulation in India. The following are some vital provisions regarding prisoner’s rights:

1. Accommodation and hygienical conditions for prisoners.

2. Provisions relating to mental and physical state of prisoners.

3. Examination of prisoners by a qualified medical officer.

4. Separation of prisoners for male, female, criminal, civil, guilty and under-trial prisoners.

5. Provisions for treatment of under trials, civil prisoners, parole and temporary release of prisoners.


  • The Prisoners Act, 1990:
1. It is the duty of the government for the removal of any prisoner detained under any order or sentence of any court, which is of unsound mind to a lunatic asylum and other place where he will be given proper treatment.
2. Any court which is a high court may in the case in which it has recommended to government the granting of a free pardon to any prisoner, permit him to be at liberty on his own cognizance.
  • The Transfer of Prisoners Act, 1950:
This act  enacted for transferring prisoners from one state to another for rehabilitation or vocational education and from over-populated jails to less engorged jails within the state.
  • The Prisoners (Attendance in Courts) ACT, 1955:
This Act contains provisions allowing the removal of prisoners to a civil or criminal court for giving proof or for response to the charge of an offence.

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